ROMA LANGUAGE

ROMA LANGUAGE: ROMANI – AN INDO-ARYAN LANGUAGE OF EUROPE

Romani and Romanes are the general names for the language of the roma, Sinti, Kale and all other ethnic groups in Europe who speak or spoke an indic, or respectively indo-aryan language. These population  groups are collectively called “Gypsies”, a term mostly used in a derogative sense. more info... 

ROMA WORDS

The lexicon of Romani summarises words of Indian origin and of all other languages Romani varieties had contact with. Basically these lexical layers are divided into a pre-European and
a European vocabulary. more info... 

SOUNDS

The sound inventory of Romani differs insignificantly from that of other European languages, which for the most part also belong to the family of Indo-European languages. Merely the distinctive function of the aspirated voiceless plosives /ph, th, kh/ is hardly found in any other
European language. more info...

FORMS/ MORPHOLOGY

As for many other dominated languages, whose bilingual speech communities experience great pressure to assimilate, morphology is the most stable structural area. It does, however, also show certain aspects of contact-induced language change. more info...

SENTENCES/SYNTAX

Contrary to New Indo-Aryan languages with the verb in the final position or SOV order, Romani generally has (S)VO order in so-called neutral declarative sentences.tors – such as the current influence of neo-protestant missions – bring visible changes to this culture. more info... 

DIALECTOLOGY

There is a tendency in Romani linguistics to identify, tentatively at least, the dialect groups of the Balkan Dialects, the Vlax Dialects, the Central Dialects, the Northwestern Dialects, the North-eastern Dialects, the Britisch Dialects and the Iberian Dialects. more info...  

DIALECTLOGY II

The divisions between the dialects can be plotted in the form of lines on the map, each line or ‘isogloss’ representing a difference in the realisation of a particular structural feature. more info... 

SOCIOLINGUISTICS

The sociolinguistic situation of Romani reflects the sociopolitical and the sociocultural status of its speakers. Consequently Romani has to be described as a primarily oral, functionally restricted, dominated, stateless diaspora language with no monolingual speakers. more info...

Editing: Romani Project Graz| translations: Ulla& Henry Briscoe| layout and design: Marcus Wiesner| coordination: Romani Project at the University of Graz in close cooperations with the Council of Europe project Education of Roma Children in Europe.
Copyright is held by the Council of Europe