Lipovu is one of the poorest communities in Dolj; most residents of the commune are beneficiaries of social assistance provided by the state.
The standard of living of people is extremely low.
Demographic studies show that the population comprises a large proportion of elderly people, many of whom are pensioners, with young people choosing to emigrate for a better life in other countries or even cities in Romania with greater employment opportunities.
Village elders say that there was once steady jobs with many people employed in agriculture or animal husbandry.
Lipovu operates seven educational institutions, including preschool, primary and secondary schools. institutions are located in buildings that are very old and neglected. Higher education facilities are situated at Segarcea about 10 km away, and at Craiova.
These Children attending the schools learn both Roma and Romanian and there is frequent inter-ethnic conflict.
The level of education is far from outstanding, with many cases of illiteracy and dropout.
The causes of these phenomena are common in isolated areas such as the commune of Lipovu and include poverty, lack of stable jobs, and poor information on the benefits conferred by education.
According to the latest census conducted in Romania, the population of the commune counts 3,113 people in Lipovu, higher compared to the previous census in 2002, when 3,160 were counted.
Officially, Romanians comprise 62% of the population while about 34% are ethnic Roma, yet from unofficial sources we find that the percentage would be quite the opposite; over 60% of the population are Roma and the non-Roma population is at around 35%.
Given the oft-heard predicament that its citizens do not get too many opportunities in the labor market, many people emigrate to other countries in Europe in hope of a better life. For example, in 2002, out of a total population of 3,160 people, about 400 people left their homeland.
Another study shows that in 2010 the number of immigrants increased significantly, reaching 800 people. Most of them choose to return to their native country but just to spend the holiday moments with family and friends.
The village of Lipovu is situated in southern Romania, about 40 kilometres from the town of Craiova, one of the oldest cities in the county of Dolj.
Attested in 1569, Lipovu has several settlements: Lipovu Romani, Lipovu Romans, Tuturoaie and Lipovu de Sus. Currently Lipovu’s common administration has two villages: Upper Lipovu residence and Lipovu.
The main tourist areas are the monastery ruins at Lipovu de Sus and Lipovu Museum.
Here as in most localities in Dolj, the main activities performed by locals are in areas such as agriculture and animal husbandry.