TELECHIU, BIHOR

Schools

In the commune of Tetchea there are six kindergartens and three schools distributed over the four villages in the administration.

In the main, both Roma and non-Roma children attend. Conditions are poor.

Telechiu school is at a considerable distance from the Roma community, which makes it difficult for Roma to attend there.

Many Roma drop out of school due to their precarious economic situation. Moreover, over time there were cases of discrmination and/ or segregation in these institutions.

Workplaces

As in most rural communities, agriculture and animal husbandry are a major income generating activity.

Traditionally, these have been the sole forms of income that have conferred economic stability for Tetchea residents. Today, largely due to industrialization, very few villagers work in these areas any longer.

The area has been hit hard by the fact that increasingly fewer people have been able to find work in these industries, with negative phenomena such as poverty and a high rate of school dropout seen. Many homes do not have electricity, running water or sanitation.

A number of Roma in Telechiu receive welfare benefits provided by the state to vulnerable families, which is enough to support a family of at 4-5 people.

Unemployment in the village is quite high, which is why many choose to emigrate in the hope of a better life.

People

Tetchea was most populous in 1941, when the population recorded 3,524 inhabitants.

Since then migration to other parts of Romania or beyond its borders has left its mark on the town, with the most recent census in 2011 counting 3,141.

Of these 65% are Romanians, 22% are Roma, 9% ethnic Hungarians, and the restare of mixed ethnicity. However, unofficial data reveals that the number of Roma may be as high as 1,000 people, rather than the 700 as was counted in the census. 

Places

Tetchea village is situated on the left arm of the Crisul Repede river, at the foot of Tasadului, in the centre of the county of Bihor, in western Romania.

The nearest urban area is Alesd, located about 10 km away; it is 32 km from Oradea, the capital of Bihor.

There are four villages in the administration: Tetchea residential, Hotarare, Telechiu and Subpiatra.

As in most areas of Transylvania, tourism is well developed, not due to the infrastructure that is otherwise deficient, but because of the wonderful landscapes, ancient buildings, and customs and traditions of the people in this enshrined place.

Thus, we find in Subpiatra the Cave Church, and a wooden church at the border of Tetchea Castle, built in the early nineteenth century. Today the castle houses the village mayor.